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About Brain Injury

Acquired brain injury (ABI) is the umbrella term for any injury sustained to the brain since birth. It includes traumatic brain injury as well as tumours, stroke, brain haemorrhage and encephalitis, meningitis, to name a few.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) refers to an injury to the brain caused by a trauma to the head. There are many possible causes, including car accidents, assaults, falls and accidents at home or work.

The effects of brain injury can be wide ranging and depend on a number of factors such as type, location and severity. Because of the unseen cognitive or behavioural effects, ABI is often described as a hidden disability.


Just some of the symptoms or challenges that someone might experience after an acquired brain injury include:


  • Memory difficulties

  • Speech and language difficulties (like aphasia)

  • Reduced initiative, motivation, concentration

  • Reduced ability to process information

  • Impaired insight and empathy

Emotional and behavioural

  • Disinhibition and impulsiveness

  • Irritability, frustration and aggression

  • Mood swings or emotional instability

  • Depression and anxiety

  • Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)


  • Mobility difficulties, weakness or paralysis

  • Fatigue

  • Headaches

  • Sensory impairments

  • Epilepsy

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The effects of brain injury can be devastating and life changing, not just for the survivor but also for those closest to them. We provide advice and information to carers, family members and friends, and have a variety of resources available to ensure everyone who has been impacted feels educated, supported and cared for.

Other Brain Injury Resources

Image by Huma Kabakci
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